Inside Article

Carmichael College: A witness to tradition in education and culture

Publish: 12:00 AM, 27 Nov, 2021


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One of the traditional educational institutions of Bangladesh. This institution has been making a huge contribution to the education and culture of greater Rangpur since its inception. The college was named Carmichael College after Lord Baron Carmichael, the Governor of Bengal.

The journey of Carmichael College started in 1918. Some of the top Zamindars of Rangpur played an important role in the establishment. They started construction of the college building on 300 acres of land. They collected 7 lakhs 50 thousand rupees for the construction of this college building. Dr. Watkin, a German citizen, was the founding principal of the college.

Carmichael College is a Batighar-like school in greater Rangpur. As Dhaka University is known as the Oxford of the East in terms of its founding, this educational institution is therefore called the Oxford of North Bengal. The college building is a unique example of present-day Bangla division zamindari architecture. The rich history of Bengal is reminiscent of Mughal construction techniques.

Carmichael College was once a part of Calcutta University. Higher secondary and bachelor's degree in arts was introduced in 1917, higher secondary science in 1922, and bachelor's degree in science started in 1925. Until 1947 it was under Calcutta University. After the partition of the country, it was brought under Dhaka University from 1947 and then under newly established Rajshahi University in 1953 which remained till 1992. After the establishment of the National University, Carmichael College has been a part of the National University since 1992.

The sprawling campus of Carmichael College, located on 300 acres of land. This huge compound has a canteen, a lovely mosque, a temple, a student dormitory, various departmental buildings, and two huge playgrounds. Rangpur Cadet College to the south of the campus, Rangpur Railway Station to the north, and the traditional Lalbagh Hat-Bazar and numerous hostels have sprung up around it.

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose's teacher DN Mallick had been teaching at Carmichael College for a long time. Sanjeeda Khatun has taught in the Bangla department. Mahasweta Devi, a renowned writer from West Bengal, studied at this college. Shaheed Janani Jahanara Imam, popular fiction writer Anisul Haque is a student of Carmichael College. Gaibandha's son Shah Abdul Hamid, the first speaker of the Bangladesh Constituent Assembly, and former President Hussain Muhammad Ershad are particularly noteworthy. Former Culture Minister Asaduzzaman Noor was also a student of Carmichael College.

Three miles south of the hustle and bustle of the present district town, Carmichael College still stands proudly in the lush environment of the silent greenery and calls out to countless students, seekers of knowledge, and tourists. The college is still stood as a witness of time in the tradition of education and culture.



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Inside Article

International Women’s Day today

Publish: 11:11 AM, 08 Mar, 2022


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International Women's Day is being observed on Tuesday across the country as elsewhere in the world with a call for building a sustainable world giving priority to gender equality. 

This year, theme of the day is “gender equality today for a sustainable tomorrow”. 

Different women, social and political organizations have taken separate programmes to observe the International Women's Day. 

On the eve of the day, President Md Abdul Hamid and Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina issued separate messages, greeting all women across the world. 

In their messages, they termed the day's theme ‘Teksai Agameer Jonnya, Gender Samotai Aj Agraganna’ as time befitting in the current perspective and wished success of all programmes of the day. 

President Md Abdul Hamid in his message said the achievement in empowering women over the last 50 years has introduced Bangladesh as a role model in the world. 

He said the present government has been implementing massive programmes to prevent all kinds of violence on women, along with establishing women rights, spreading education for them and empowering women to establish gender parity. 

The womenfolk are keeping their footprints in all sectors, including politics, trade and business and job, without any restriction now, he added. 

The US-based NGO Global Summit of Women honored Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina with the Global Women's Leadership Award in 2018 for her outstanding leadership in advancing women education and women entrepreneurs in Bangladesh, Asia and Asia-pacific region, he said, adding that the premier also received a special memento titled "Tree of Peace" from UNESCO in recognition to her outstanding contribution to the promotion of girls' and women's education.

"I hope that women-men would work together to make development sustainable in all sector for building a happy-prosperous Bangladesh," he said. 

In her message, Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina said the Awami League government has been working to ensure equal participation of women and men in all its programmes with a view to building a ‘Sonar Bangla’ as dreamt by Father of the Nation Bangabandhu. 

She said one of the major achievements of Bangladesh in the last 50 years is to making significant progress in empowering women by reducing the gender inequality. To maintain this trend, the government has attached priority to ensuring food, health and education for women from grassroots level to make the development sustainable, she added. 

The women are now playing a vital role in different areas, including politics, judiciary, administration, education, health, armed forces and law enforcing agencies due to the time befitting and pragmatic measures of the government, she said. 

The premier said that the greatest Bengali of all time, Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman formed the Women's Rehabilitation Board in 1972 with the aim of rehabilitating and empowering women who had suffered in the great war of independence.
Bangabandhu ensured the equality of women in all spheres of national life in the constitution, she added.

She hoped that with the joint efforts of women and men Bangladesh achieved independence of the country, implementation of Vision-2041 would help build a hungry-poverty free prosperous Bangladesh as dreamt by Father of the Nation Bangabandhu. 

In observance of the day, Samajik Protirodh Committee, a platform of 66 women, human rights and development organizations, will bring out a procession and hold discussion and cultural programmes at the Central Shaheed Minar at 3pm tomorrow. Bangladesh Mahila Parishad President Dr Fawjia Moslem will chair the programme. 

‘Amee Pari,’ an alliance for resisting family violence, will carry out a campaign at 12,01 minute today. Dhaka Reporters’ Unity (DRU) will organize a colourful rally on its premises at 10:00 am today. 

International Women's Day (IWD) is celebrated on March 8 every year. It is a focal point in the movement for women's rights. 

After the Socialist Party of America organised a Women's Day on February 28, 1909 in New York, the 1910 International Socialist Women's Conference suggested a Women's Day be held annually. 

After women gained suffrage in Soviet Russia in 1917, March 8 became a national holiday there. 

The day was then predominantly celebrated by the socialist movement and communist countries until it was adopted in 1975 by the United Nations. 


International Women’s Day   Women’s Right  


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Inside Article

Historic March 7 today

Publish: 09:55 AM, 07 Mar, 2022


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The nation is observing the historic March 7 on Monday, commemorating the landmark speech of Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, which was touted as an indirect declaration of the country's independence in 1971. 

This year the observance of the day is more significant as the nation is going to celebrate the golden jubilee of the country's independence on March 26, while 'Mujib Year', the yearlong celebration of Bangabandhu's birth centenary, is going on.

On October 30 in 2017, UNESCO recognised the historic speech as part of the world's documentary heritage as the landmark fiery speech of Bangabandhu inspired the Bengalees to prepare for the War of Liberation in 1971.

It has been included in the Memory of the World International Register, a list of the world's important documentary heritage maintained by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).

On March 7, Bangabandhu in his historic speech at a mammoth rally in the then 'Race Course Maidan', now Suhrawardy Udyan, in the city directed the freedom-loving Bangalees for waging a decisive struggle against the Pakistani occupation forces.

In the 19-minute extempore speech from 4:23 pm before millions of people of former East Pakistan, Bangabandhu in unequivocal term said, "We spilled our blood...we are ready to shed more blood, the people of the country shall be freed, Inshallah!" 

"Ebarer sangram amader muktir sangram, ebarer sangram swadhinatar sangram (The struggle this time is for our emancipation, the struggle this time is for our independence)" the great leader and the greatest Bangalee of all times went on to add. 

During his deliberations amid thunderous slogans and applause, he also made a fervent appeal to the roaring people from all walks of life to make preparations for armed struggle against the tyranny, exploitation, subjugation and deprivation by Pakistani military junta with whatever they possessed and transformed every house into a fortress.

The people were overwhelmed and imbued with the spirit of Bangabandhu's unparalleled speech of independence regarded only as comparable with the Gettysburg Speech of slain US President Abraham Lincoln. 

The whole nation responded spontaneously to Bangabandhu's call with the thunderous slogan - "Bir Bangalee Astra Dharo, Bangladesh Swadhin Karo" -Brave Bangalees take up arms and free Bangladesh from occupation. 

The vigorous speech inspired people of all walks of life to prepare for the war, which eventually began after the Pakistani regime on the black night of March 25 launched attacks on the unarmed Bangalees, the worst genocides in history for the next nine months. 

Bangabandhu's March 7 speech has been selected as one of the most rousing and inspirational wartime speeches in the last 2,500 years. The dynamic speech had changed the course of the country's history. 

The tantalizing speech literally had a mesmerizing and sparkling effect on the entire population of this soil and they became united under his capable and farsighted leadership to bravely fight for liberating the motherland from the clutches of the Pakistani occupation forces. 

Although people from all walks of life irrespective of political and religious beliefs were united for the cause and began to take all-out preparations for a bloody war, they waited till the crackdown of the Pakistani occupation forces on the sleeping Bangalees on the night of March 25, defamed as the "Operation Searchlight". 

As soon as the Pakistani occupation forces started genocide, Bangabandhu declared the independence of the motherland instructing the people to put up strong resistance and fight against them till liberation is achieved. 

At the instruction of Bangabandhu, the brave nation fought successfully the nine-month-old war of liberation and ultimately liberated Bangladesh from the clutches of the Pakistani occupation forces on December 16, 1971, with the assistance of the allied Indian forces. 

Marking the day, different socio-cultural and political organisations, student and professional bodies have drawn up elaborate programmes, including laying wreaths at the portrait of Bangabandhu and holding discussions with maintaining health guidelines amid the Coronavirus pandemic. 

The government has made national flag hoisting at all public and private buildings in the country and its diplomatic missions abroad compulsory on the historic 7 March from this year. 

Meanwhile, Bangladesh Awami League (AL) has taken elaborate programmes to observe the historic March 7 in a befitting manner. 

Marking the day, the ruling AL hoisted national and party flags atop Bangabandhu Bhaban and party offices, placed wreaths at Bangabandhu's portrait on the premises of Bangabandhu Bhaban at Dhanmondi. 

A discussion will be arranged at the central office of Awami League on Bangabandhu Avenue at 11:00 am. 

Awami League President and Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina will chair the discussion at virtual platform.

Bangladesh Betar and Bangladesh Television as well as private television channels and radio stations are broadcasting and telecasting special programmes while national dailies brought out special supplements marking the auspicious occasion. 

In addition to this, the Forest and Environment Sub-Committee of Awami League will hold a discussion on March 7 speech of Bangabandhu at 11:00 am at Bangamata Sheikh Fazilatunnesa Mujib auditorium of the National Museum in Dhaka. 

Awami League Joint General Secretary and Information and Broadcasting Minister Dr Hasan Mahmud will attend the discussion as the chief guest. 

Awami League Advisory Council Member and Chairman of Forest and Environment sub-committee Dr. Khandokar Bazlul Haque will chair the meeting while AL's Forest and Environment Affair secretary Delwar Hossain will conduct the event. 

Pro-Vice-Chancellor of Dhaka University Dr. Muhammad Samad, poet Nirmalendu Goon, Daily Bhorer Kagoj Editor Shyamal Dutta and AL central committee member Marufa Akter Popy will be special guests at the event.


7 March   Bangabandhu   Bangladesh  


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Inside Article

Shaheed Asad Day today

Publish: 10:11 AM, 20 Jan, 2022


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The nation is all set to recall the great sacrifice of student leader Asaduzzaman Asad on the occasion of his 52nd martyrdom anniversary today.

On January 20, 1969, Asad, the hero of the 1969 mass upsurge, was shot dead by the police in a protest rally near Dhaka Medical College Hospital against the oppression of the people of East Pakistan.

The death of Asad, then a Master’s student of Dhaka University, took the mass upsurge to the highest peak which hastened the fall of the then military dictator Field Marshal Ayub Khan after over a decade of his iron rule.

On the occasion, president Abdul Hamid and prime minister Sheikh Hasina issued separate messages paying tributes to the memory of Shaheed Asad.

Recalling his contribution to the gearing up the mass movement in 1969 with due respect, both the head of the state and the head of the government prayed for his eternal peace.

In his message, president Abdul Hamid said the sacrifice of Asad in the 1969 mass upsurge had added a new dimension to the aspiration of Bengalis’ emancipation.

In her message, prime minister Sheikh Hasina said the January 20 was a significant day in the history of the War of Independence of Bangladesh as student leader Mohammad Asaduzzaman was killed in police firing in front of Dhaka Medical College Hospital on this day in 1969.

Shaheed Asad was the president of Shahidullah Hall Unit of Dhaka University and general secretary of Dhaka unit of then East Pakistan Students Union.

To mark the day, different socio-cultural, political and student organisations, including Shaheed Asad Parishad, have chalked out various programmes that include placing wreaths at the memorial plaque of Asad in front of the Dhaka Medical College Hospital and his grave at Shibpur in Narsingdi.



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Inside Article

Cycling and walking to work lowers risk of cancer, heart disease and death – new research

Publish: 05:53 PM, 29 Dec, 2021


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As many countries ease their lockdowns and more people return to work, there’s an effort to limit the use of public transport to avoid further spread of COVID-19. It seems obvious that we should encourage more people to switch to physically active ways of commuting such as walking or cycling where possible, instead of clogging up the roads with more polluting cars.

But active commuting won’t just help limit virus transmission and emissions. Our latest research found that people who walk and cycle to work are at lower risk of death or serious illness compared with those who commute by car.

It’s well established that many people don’t get enough physical activity, and this has been linked to between 3.2 million and 5.3 million deaths a year worldwide. And we know that being physically active leads to many health benefits, including lower risk of heart disease, type 2 diabetes, some cancers and even depression.

An active commute is a major potential source of daily physical activity, which can also include planned exercise and even household activities such as cleaning. But in England and Wales, around 34% of men and 42% of women aren’t active enough, and walking and cycling rates have been declining for four decades. Motor vehicles have also become the most common way to get to work.

Our team used census data from over 300,000 commuters in England and Wales to investigate the health impacts of walking, cycling, getting public transport or driving to work. We followed participants for up to 25 years in order to compare deaths from cardiovascular disease (including heart attack and stroke) and cancer, as well as new diagnoses of cancer.

 

Health benefits

 

We found that, compared with those who drove, people who cycled to work had a 20% lower risk of death overall. They also had a 24% lower risk of dying from cardiovascular disease and a 16% lower risk of dying from cancer. And they were 11% less likely to be diagnosed with cancer. This even held true after we took account of other factors, such as age, sex, car access, ethnicity and socioeconomic group.

Walking to work was associated with a 7% lower risk of cancer diagnosis compared with driving. However, it was unclear what impact walking to work had on rates of death from cancer and heart disease.

This may be because the people we looked at who walked to work were on average less well-off and were more likely to have a long-term illness and this may have countered the positive effects of walking. However, the data may not have had enough detail to fully capture these differences.

We also found that, compared with those who drove to work, rail commuters also had a 10% lower risk of death overall. They had a 21% lower risk of death from cardiovascular disease, and a 12% lower risk of being diagnosed with cancer. This is likely because many rail commuters need to walk or cycle to transit points.

Again our data showed that rail commuters also tend to be better off and less likely to have other underlying health conditions, which might not be fully accounted for in the analyses.

Our research also looked at whether the benefits of active commuting differed between occupations, comparing those in higher managerial or professional positions in more junior or intermediate roles, as well as people who worked manual jobs. We found that the potential health benefits were similar across these groups.

We know that there are inequalities in health and travel patterns between socioeconomic groups. Our study indicates that promoting active travel might lead to positive health benefits regardless of background or occupation.

While many people cannot walk or cycle their entire commute, incorporating some active travel into their journey may be beneficial. Many public transport journeys have also been shown to include some walking and cycling, and its use is associated with lower body fat.

In the UK, as in other countries around the world, the government has been broadly in support of active travel as people starting returning to work. If this leads to long-term reductions in commuting by car, it could reduce the high levels of physical inactivity among adults and improve general health. And it may even lead to other benefits, such as improved air quality.



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Inside Article

Today is International Mountain Day

Publish: 10:00 AM, 11 Dec, 2021


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Today is International Mountain Day. The United Nations declared December 11 as International Mountain Day, with a view to improving the quality of life and sustainable future of the people living in the Highlands in 2003. Since then, the day has been celebrated with due dignity in different countries every year. The day will be observed by the UN member states under the theme 'Sustainable Mountain Tourism'. On this occasion, there are special programs in the hilly areas of the country including Dhaka.

It is said that about one tenth of the world's population lives in the highlands. The mountains supply the world with almost half the fresh water it needs, and it contains many species of plants and animals.

Needless to say, the mountains are a wonderful gift of nature. The hilly region is one-fifth of the total land area of ​​Bangladesh. Eight per cent of the hilly areas are located in the eastern and north-eastern regions. The remaining ten percent are located in other parts of the country. There are several hummock and hills in Sylhet region. This beautiful place of nature, attracts the attention of local and foreign tourists. But these hills are being destroyed.

In the highlands of the country, the news of hill cutting often comes in the media. Which is very worrying. Deforestation is destroying forests and landslides are also happening. Most importantly, deforestation is eroding the ecological balance, accelerating the adverse effects of global climate change. Moreover, as a result of the destruction of mountains, the course of the river is changing, the biodiversity is being destroyed, and the temperature in the environment is rising.

The peace agreement of December 2, 1997 has affected the quality of life in the highlands of the country. Radical changes have taken place in every sector of the region including education, health, electricity, communication, mobile network. Now we need to think a lot about the protection of forests and biodiversity.

On the occasion of the day, there are special programs in the hilly areas of the country including Dhaka. A discussion meeting has been organized at 11:30 am at the Chittagong Hill Tracts Complex on Bailey Road in Dhaka. Chittagong Hill Tracts Affairs Minister Bir Bahadur Ushaisingh will be the chief guest.

Besides, President Abdul Hamid and Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina have given separate messages on the occasion of the day.



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